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Trumpet / Aurelian Knowledge Base

Trumpet / Aurelian Knowledge BaseMid season Trumpet / Aurelian Hybrids

This 'Knowledge Base' is by no means meant to be the definitive work on Trumpet / Aurelian hybrid lilies as it only scratches the surface on these magnificent garden subjects. It is put together to help save the historical information we have in photos. This will be a continuing work as others around the world contribute photos, especially of the earliest works in hybridizing in the 1920's through the late 1940's. Bear in mid that the photos of the earliest lilies came from slides that are upwards of 80 years old and color over time has grown weak in some.

It is with a great deal of thanks to the daughter of the late William (Bill) and Mary Hoffman who gave to us her parents life long collection of slides, photographs, and negative film of our earliest examples of Trumpets and Aurelians. Many of these photos, taken by Bill and Mary are being seen for the first time by the garden world highlighting the work of Carlton Yerex, known as “the father” of the magnificent Aurelian Hybrids as well as Mr. Edgar Kline who, without his work, we would still be living in the dark ages as far as these hybrids go. They, along with our dear friend, LeVern Friemann broke the ground and allowed others to follow in their footsteps.

Stately trumpet lilies, gently swaying in midsummer breezes, bring fond memories to many people of the bygone days of the the old 'Oregon Bulb Farms' and its originator, the late Mr. Jan de Graaff. In the 1950's and 60's, OBF released such popular beauties as 'Pink Perfection, 'Copper king', and 'Moonlight', not to mention the world renowned 'Black Dragon'. A little known fact is that the original hybridizing breakthrough on some of these cultivars was developed by the late Mr. LeVern Friemann of Bellingham, Washington which he had sold “lock, stock, and barrel” to Mr. de Graaff several years before the release of the earliest fragrant trumpet hybrids. Carlton Yerex and Edgar Kline, both of Oregon, also made immeasurable contributions to the early works of Mr. de Graaff. Their genetic contributions along with those of others were combined into and formed much of the basis of the material Mr. Harold Comber used in the 50's and 60's while head hybridizer of OBF. From there, Mr. Edward McRae picked up the gauntlet. It was not simply the work of a single individual that gave the world their first taste of Trumpets, but the co-operation of many individuals pooling their work in order to advance this magnificent group of lilies.

Trumpets are easiest to grow in areas of moderate winter temperatures, USDA zone 7-10; in colder areas with reliable snow cover, or where the garden is mulched after the ground freezes in the fall. Trumpets for the most part are slow to divide, but just keep getting larger and larger, with taller and taller stems as they age. Shown in the photo is a bulb that measured 19 ¼ inches in circumference. Planted 3 years early as a 6 inch bulb, it had produced two stems just over 7 feet in height and its flowers were pressed against the eves of the house. Photo courtesy of Ethel O'Brien.

Trumpets in this section are identified as being either “Strains” or “Clones” A strain is a selection of plants, that are produced from seed. In a strain there will be some differences from plant to plant (lighter to darker colors) but all will be in the same color group. Most strains are fairly uniform in height, but can vary by 30% or more from one to another in the extremes.

Clones are genetic duplicates, each bulb blooming exactly like the original parent bulb. They are propagated either by scaling or through tissue culture.

Please Note: This has been a years long project just pulling together photos and scanning them. Our intent is to first upload all of the photos with a brief sketch of information to date and describe them in terms of their breeding. After the uploads are completed, more detailed information will be added about each cultivar.

Our grateful thanks to Michael Homick for his 1996 publication of registered lilies without which the parentage records given would have been impossible.

Also please note that varieties shown with photo inserts show a price of $0.01. We use Yahoo as our platform host and a price must be shown in order for inserts to appear. These lilies are not being offered for sale.



T-01  'George C. Creelman'T-01 'George C. Creelman'On of several different clones. Selected from L. x imperiale. Preston hybrid 1919. Written on back of photo “In our estimation this is the most magnificent hybrid yet produced from a cross between L. regale and L. sarentiae. The massive, wide flaring flowers are reminiscent of L. auratum. Photo circ. 1927. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-01
T-04  'L. x imperiale'  syn.  'Princeps'T-04 'L. x imperiale' syn. 'Princeps'L. x imperiale syn.'Princeps' Registured as (L. regale x L. sargentiae), 1920. Photo dated 1927. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-04
T-07  'Shelburne'T-07 'Shelburne'1930 From of cross of L. sargentiae x L. regale. Raised and Named by A. Graham. Described as being soft green to pale yellow. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-07
T-09 Carelton Yerex w/ Geo. C. CreelmanT-09 Carelton Yerex w/ Geo. C. CreelmanPhoto dated 1930 showing Carlton Yerex standing in a bed of George C. Creelman. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-09
T-12  'Ida Jane Califf'T-12 'Ida Jane Califf'Ida Jane Califf. Recorded as a cross of a (Seedling x T. A. Havenmeyer) Edgar L. Kline circa 1935 Edgar Kline. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-12
T-14  Edgar Kline Seedling cir. 1935T-14 Edgar Kline Seedling cir. 1935This unnamed cross was made with T. A. Havenmeyer x L x aurelianense by Edgar Kline circa 1935-36 T.A. Havenmeyer (L. sulphureum x L. henryi) T. Barry Mid 1930's. L. x aurelianense (L. sargentiae x L. henryi) Debras 1932.

Photo Inserts L. sargentiae, courtesy Rimmer de Vires, L. sulpherium, photo #1 courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection, L. sulpherium, color photo, courtesy Joseph Nemmer, L. henryi, photo B & D Lilies. Photo Kline Seedling courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-14$0.01
T-17  Selection from Mabel B. Ronna x T. A. HavenmeyerT-17 Selection from Mabel B. Ronna x T. A. HavenmeyerSelection made from a cross of Mabel B. Ronna x T. A. Havenmeyer, Edgar Kline 1941. This lily may or may not have gone into commerce as a named clone. There is no record. The appearance of this flower shows the strong influence of L. henryi in its breeding. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-17
T-18  'Paula Kline'T-18 'Paula Kline''Paula Kline' (clone) Selected from a T. A. Havenmeyer seedling. Raised and Named by T. Barry. Introduced by Edgar Kline in 1941. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-18
T-19  'William Bates'T-19 'William Bates''William Bates' (clone). Selected T. A. Havenmeyer seedling. T. Barry, circ. 1941. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-19
T-20  'Princeps x Creelman Select Clone'T-20 'Princeps x Creelman Select Clone'Princeps Creelman Select Clone Kline circ. 1941 No information other than this is a selection of L. Leucanthum var. Centifolium. Edgar Kline circ. 1941. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

Genes of this selection may very well have found their way into the famous, though now extinct 'Black Dragon' from Jan Degraff.

Photo Insert Black Dragon Clone 'M-12'. Photo B & D Lilies

T-20$0.01
T-21  (('Princeps' x 'George C. Creelman') x L. Centifolium)T-21 (('Princeps' x 'George C. Creelman') x L. Centifolium)Photo labeled as Select Seedling (('Princeps' x George C. Creelman') x L. leucanthum centifolium). Select Clone. There is no record of this lily being given a name or going into commerce. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-21
T-25  L. sulpherium x L. sargentiae Kline GardenT-25 L. sulpherium x L. sargentiae Kline GardenL. sulpherium x L. sargentiae Kline Garden. Photo Circ. early 1940's. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-25
T-27  L. sulpherium HybridT-27 L. sulpherium HybridPhoto labeled as being a select seedling from L. sulpherium breeding. Edgar Kline, 1941. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-27
T-28  'Ta Ming'  aka  'Tai Ming'T-28 'Ta Ming' aka 'Tai Ming''Ta Ming' (L. henryi x L. x aurelianense seedling) Raised and Named by Carlton Yerex circ. 1943. Introduced by Edgar Kline 1963. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-28
T-30  'Tom Berry'T-30 'Tom Berry''Tom Berry' clone. ( T. A. Havenmeyer x T. A. Havenmeyer seelding) Raised and Named by Tom Berry. Introduced by Edgar Kline in 1953. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-30
T-31  'White Henryi'T-31 'White Henryi'White Henryi Clone. (L. henryi x L. leucanthum var. centifolium) Leslie Woodriff 1945. This long-time garden favorite was known the world over for its hardiness and disease resistance. In 1986, 'White Henryi' received the North American Lily Society Award of Merit.

First photo inset is L. henryi, the seed parent. Second photo inset is L. leucanthum var. centifolium, the pollen parent.

T-31$0.01
T-34  'Golden Clarion Strain'T-34 'Golden Clarion Strain''Golden Clarion Strain'. Bred by Jan de Graaff. No parentage records found other than it was a selection from "Aurelian Hybrids". Introduced 1948. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-34
T-37  'Mei Ling'T-37 'Mei Ling'T-37 'Mei Ling' clone. Recorded as "Selection from Aurelian Hybrids". Carlton Yerex, 1949.

By today's standards, 'Mei Ling' is not much to look at, but when released by Edgar Cline in 1949, it was priced at a whopping $4.95 per bulb. Based on "average" wages of 1949 and those of today, the price now would be the equivalent of paying $65.+ today for this lily! Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-37
T-38  Palmer Select Hybrid #48142T-38 Palmer Select Hybrid #48142T-38 Palmer Select Hybrid #48142. Bred by E. F. Palmer formerly of Vineland Station, (Horticultureal Research Institute of Ontario, Ontario, Canada. There are no parentage records available and no records this lily went into commercial production. Circ. 1950. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-38
T-39  Palmer Select Hybrid #48143T-39 Palmer Select Hybrid #48143Palmer select hybrid #48143. Bred by E. F. Palmer formerly of Vineland Station, (Horticultureal Research Institute of Ontario, Ontario, Canada. There are no parentage records available and no records this lily went into commercial production. Circ. 1950. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-39
T-40 'Hearts Desire'T-40 "Hearts Desire'

T-40
T-41 'Black Dragon Strain'T-41 'Black Dragon Strain'T-41 'Black Dragon Strain'. DeGraaff 1950. Registured as “containing L. leucanthum var. centifolium and others unknown”. Eddie McRae reported that this magnificent group started from seed collected in “cottage gardens” in China and was originally named 'Black Magic' which was later introduced in 1958. The Clone M-12 was selected for use as the seed parent of the strain. Select individuals of each years seed stock were used a pollinators back onto “mom” for the next years seed crop. This strain is now extinct as 'M-12' is now gone. Photo Insert is of Clone M-12.

T-41$0.01
T-42  'Pink Perfection Strain'T-42 'Pink Perfection Strain'T-42 'Pink Perfection Strain' Recorded as being "selections from seedlings of L. leucanthum var. centifolium x L. sargentiae". We believe that the original stock of this lily was bred by the late LeVern Friemann and sold to Jan DeGraaff in the late 1940's as was reported to us by Mr. Friemann. The records show this lily was selected c. 1950 and was released in 1960. A very popular strain, color can range from light pink to almost purple.

T-42$0.01
T-46 'Aurelian Sundance'T-46 'Aurelian Sundance'T-46 'Aurelian Sundance'. Sundance (Derived from L. regale, L. sargentiae, L. sulphureum, and L. henryi) Bred by E. F. Palmer c. 1951 formerly of Vineland Station, (Horticultureal Research Institute of Ontario, Ontario, Canada. Introduced by Greennock Farms 1957. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-46
T-47  'Whirlybird'T-47 'Whirlybird'T-47 'Whirlybird'. Parentage unknown. Raised and Named by Carlton Yerex, 1951. Introduced by Edgar Kline in 1954. By its appearance, 'Whirlybird' is probably a sister seedling to 'Carnival Queen', the main difference is that the petal tips recurve on 'Whirlybird'. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-47
T-48 'Carnival Queen'T-48 'Carnival Queen'T-48 'Carnival Queen'. (Selections from Aurelian Hybrids) Raised and Named by Carlton Yerex c. 1951. Introduced by Edgar Kline 1963. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-48
T-51  'Palmer Seedling #171'T-51 'Palmer Seedling #171'T-51 'Palmer Seedling #171'. Bred by E. F. Palmer formerly of Vineland Station, (Horticultureal Research Institute of Ontario, Ontario, Canada. There are no parentage records available. Selection was made and photo recorded in 1952. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-51
T-52  'Aurelian Bright Cloud'T-52 'Aurelian Bright Cloud'T-52 'Aurelian Bright Cloud'. (L. henryi x L. x aurelianense) Carlton Yerex 1952. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-52
T-53 'Eventide'T-53 'Eventide''Eventide' (L. henryi x L. aurelianense seedling). Carlton Yerex, 1952. Introduced by Edgar Kline in 1954. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-53
T-54 'Palmer Aurelian Flairs'T-54 'Palmer Aurelian Flairs''Palmer Aurelian Flairs'. Bred by E. F. Palmer circ. 1952. Formerly of Vineland Station, Horticultureal Research Instituite of Ontario, Canada. There are no parentage records available. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-54
T-60 'Shenandoah'T-60 'Shenandoah''Shenandoah', selection from Aurelian Hybrid Seedlings. Raised and named by Carlton Yerex, 1953. Introduced by Edgar Kline 1958. There are no breeding records on this cultivar. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-60
T-61 'Green Gold'T-61 'Green Gold'Green Gold (Selection from Sulphur Hybrids) Bred by E. F. Palmer c. 1953 formerly of Vineland Station, (Horticultureal Research Institute of Ontario, Ontario, Canada. Introduced R. B. Ware catalog 1953. There are no parentage records available. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-61
T-62 'Yearlow Bell'T-62 'Yearlow Bell'T-158 Yearlow Bell. Carlton Yerex, circ. 1953 No breeding information other than this is a selection of L. leucanthum var. centifolium. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-62
T-67 'Yerex Alternate'T-67 'Yerex Alternate'This photo from the Bill & Mary Hoffman collection was simply labeled as "Yerex Alternate". This was scanned from a large format color negative so it was probably done by a professional photographer. There was no indication as to what it was an alternate selection for but it must have been high in the rankings for there to be such a photo record recorded. 1953, Carlton Yerex. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-67
T-68  'Yerex Coronagold'T-68 'Yerex Coronagold'Carlton Yerex, 1953. There are no breeding records for this lily. It was released by Edgar Kline in 1958 as 'Golden Corona'. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-68
T-69  'Yerex Gold'T-69 'Yerex Gold'Carlton Yerex 1953. This is a photo simply labeled as Yerex Gold for identification. Also taken on large format film, it was another that was probably photographed professional to record it. It is unknown if this lily was later introduced to commerce. Carlton Yerex, 1953. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-69
T-70 'Yerex Lime'T-70 'Yerex Lime'This is a photo simply labeled as Yerex Lime for identification. Also taken on large format film, it was another that was probably photographed professional to record it. It is unknown if this lily was later introduced to commerce. Carlton Yerex, 1953. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-70
T-71 'Yerex Pink Apricot'T-71 'Yerex Pink Apricot'This is a photo simply labeled as Yerex Pink Apricot for identification. Also taken on large format film, it was another that was probably photographed professional to record it. It is unknown if this lily was later introduced to commerce. Carlton Yerex, 1953. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-71
T-72 'Yerex White Flairs'T-72 'Yerex White Flairs'This is a photo simply labeled as Yerex White Flairs for identification. Also taken on large format film, it was another that was probably photographed professional to record it. It is unknown if this lily was later introduced to commerce. Carlton Yerex, 1953. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-72
T-73 'Yerex Pink Orange Throat'T-73 'Yerex Pink Orange Throat'This is a photo simply labeled as Yerex Pink Orange Throat for identification. Also taken on large format film, it was another that was probably photographed professional to record it. It is unknown if this lily was later introduced to commerce. Carlton Yerex, 1953. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-73
T-80  'Apricot Bell'T-80 'Apricot Bell'Apricot Bell Seedling of L. x aurelianense. Raised and named by E. Genat, Australia, circ. 1954. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-80
T-81 'Bicolor Bell'T-81 'Bicolor Bell'Bicolor Bell Seedling of L. x aureliansnse. Raised and named by E. Genat, Australia, c. 1954. No breeding information available. Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

t-81
T-82  'Cinnamon'T-82 'Cinnamon'Carlton Yerex, 1954. No recorded breeding information or date of release.

T-82
T-83  'Golden Harvest Strain'T-83 'Golden Harvest Strain'Golden Harvest (strain) (T. A. Havenmeyer x L. x aurelianense) Edgar Kline circ. 1954. Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-83
T-84  'Harvest Queen'T-84 'Harvest Queen'Carlton Yerex, 1954. Recorded as (Aurelian hybrid with #49-16) for breeding. Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-84
T-85  'Camelot'T-85 'Camelot'Edgar Kline, 1953. The RHS register shows this lily as being registered in 1964 and being "a selection of Aurelian Hybrid progeny". This photo was clearly dated 1953 so it may be it was not registered until some time after selection owing to the fact this was recorded on large format film. Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-85
T-86  'Thunderbolt' (clone)T-86 'Thunderbolt' (clone)Jan De Graaff 1954. (L. henryi x L. aurelianense seedling). This was a garden standard for many years, but unfortunately finally fell to virus infection and is no longer in commerce. Photo B & D Lilies

T-86
T-91  'Superba'  (strain)T-91 'Superba' (strain)Carlton Yerex, 1955. No other information listed for this lily strain.

T-91
T-92  'Aurelian Alice'  (clone)T-92 'Aurelian Alice' (clone)Aurelian Alice (Selection from Aurelian Hybrid seedlings). Carlton Yerex circ. 1955. Selected and propagated by John Shaver, introduced by Edgar Kline. Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-92
T-93  'Wahlula'  (clone)T-93 'Wahlula' (clone)Bred by Carlton Yerex circ. 1955 this was a cross of (Aurelian Hyubrid #47-2 x yellow trumpet). Introduced by Edgar Kline.

T-93
T-94  'Inca Princess'T-94 'Inca Princess'Carlton Yerex, 1955. Registured only as being "Aurelian Hybrid". Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-94
T-96  'Shellrose Hybrids'T-96 'Shellrose Hybrids''Shellrose Hybrids' (Pride of Charlotte x L. leucanthum var. chloraster) Bred, raised, and named, John Shaver, formerly Newberg, Oregon 1956. Introduced by Edgar Cline 1956. Photo by B & D Lilies. When John Shaver moved his catalog business to Port Townsend, this was one of the early lilies that we grew for him. As a matter of its longevity, Bob was 6 years old when this lily was selected.

T-96
T-97  'Golden Sunburst'  (strain)T-97 'Golden Sunburst' (strain)Jan De Graaff circ. 1956. Introduced 1960. (L. henryi x L. aurelianese) Late July bloomer. Photo B & D Lilies. This strain of trumpets was lost after the closing of Oregon Bulb Farms.

T-97
T-A106  'Gold Eagle  (clone)T-A106 'Gold Eagle (clone)Leslie Woodriff, 1957. Introduced by Strahm Lilies 1972. This lily was also marketed by Mr. Woodriff as 'Giant Flat Yellow'. Photograph B & D Lilies.

T-A106
T-A107  'Golden Splendor'  (strain)T-A107 'Golden Splendor' (strain)Jan De Graaff 1957. Recorded as being a selection of 'Golden Clarion'. 'Golden Clarion' was recorded as being "Selections from Aurelian Hybrids" and registered in 1948. The original selection (clone) was used as the seed parent in producing the 'Golden Splendor' strain. Photograph B & D Lilies.

T-A107
T-A108  'Moonlight'  (strain)T-A108 'Moonlight' (strain)Recorded as being a companion strain to Golden Splendor (De Graaff), cir. 1957. B & D Lilies released an improved form of this strain in 2004 that was bred by Don Egger from select seedlings of the original De Graaff strain. Photo inserts 1 and 2. Photos B & D Lilies.

T-A108 'Moonlight' (strain)
T-A108$0.01
T-A109   'Pink Sunburst'  (strain)T-A109 'Pink Sunburst' (strain)De Graaff 1957. Recorded as being selected from “Aurelian Sunburst hybrids. Photo B & D Lilies.

T-A109
T-A110   'Orange Sunburst'  (strain)T-A110 'Orange Sunburst' (strain)Jan De Graaff 1957. Recorded as being selected from “Aurelian Sunburst-type hybrids". Photo B & D Lilies.

T-A110
T-A120 'White Flairs'T-A120 'White Flairs'Carlton Yerex, circ. 1958. There is no further information available on this lily. Photo courtesy of the Bill & Mary Hoffman Collection.

T-A120
T-A121  'African Queen'  (strain)T-A121 'African Queen' (strain)Jan De Graaff circ. 1958. Introduced in 1958-59 by Oregon Bulb Farms. Recorded as being selections from Aurelian Hybrids. Still to this day one of the backbone lilies in the garden. Photo inset side view of another member of the strain. Photos B & D Lilies.

T-A121 'African Queen' (strain)
T-A121$0.01
T-A122  'Amethyst Temple'  (strain)T-A122 'Amethyst Temple' (strain)John Shaver, 1958. Registered only as “Selections from Temple Hybrids”.

Editorial Note: We knew John Shaver well both on a professional as well as a personal level (we baby sat his children from time to time) as B & D Lilies got its start growing bulbs for his company, Rex Bulb Farm. Johan was a grower and hybridizer when living in Oregon, but when he moved his business to Port Townsend in 1976, he relied heavily on other growers for his stock. Photo John Shaver, courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

John spent time in the Merchant Marines as an officer and was fascinated with the Buddhist Temples he saw in ports in SE Asia. As a result, he released a number of "Temple" strains of trumpets.

T-A122
T-A123   'Aurabunda'   (clone)T-A123 'Aurabunda' (clone)Carlton Yerex, 1958. Recorded as "Selection from self-pollinated Sunshine Flares". Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-A123
T-A124   'Sunshine Flairs'   (clone)T-A124 'Sunshine Flairs' (clone)Carleton Yerex, 1958. Recorded as being "Selection from Aurelian Hybrids).

T-A124
T-A125  'Aurelian Jewels'   (seedling mix)T-A125 'Aurelian Jewels' (seedling mix)Carlton Yerex, 1958. No parentage given. This appears to be a selected mix of seedlings from his breeding work. Photo inset, more of the 'Aurelian Jewels'. Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-A125 'Aurelian Jewels' (seedling mix)
T-A125$0.01
T-A126   'Copper King'  (Strain & Clone)T-A126 'Copper King' (Strain & Clone)Jan De Graaff c. 1958. Recorded as being selections from 'Golden Clarion'. We received at B & D Lilies a “clone” of Copper King (inset photo) from the late Ed McRae that was known as OG-46 and reported by Ed as being the seed parent for the Copper King strain. As was with M-12 Black Dragon, pollen was taken from the best seedlings each year and put back on “mom” for the next years seed production. Also, as with M-12, this seed producing clone no longer exists making this strain impossible to re-produce. Photos, B & D Lilies.

T-A126 'Copper King' (Strain & Clone)
T-A126$0.01
T-A127   'Inca Princess'  (clone)T-A127 'Inca Princess' (clone)Carlton Yerex circ. late 1950's. No other information available. Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-A127
T-A128   'Jade Temple'  (strain)T-A128 'Jade Temple' (strain)John Shaver, 1958, Registured only as “Selections from Temple Hybrids”. Introduced in Greenrock Farms Catalog, 1958. Photo John Shaver, courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

An interesting side note about the lack of breeding information on the Shaver hybrids as well as many of the earlier De Graaff hybrids is that John related to us in the early 1980's that he believe that De Graaff had breeding records for everything ever produced at Oregon Bulb Farms but either registered new cultivars with fictitious parents or just as "selected from" in order to maintain a level of secrecy for the work being done at OBF. John simply said he was following suit.

On a professional breeding level, where your living is made from what you produce, keeping your propitiatory information a secret is a must. Once you release the true parents of a cultivar, it gives your competition a step up on their work allowing them to sometimes catch up by a jump of years on your work. Things are much the same in Holland to this day. You never let your competitors know what you are doing, or how you did it.

T-A128
T-A129  'Madame Edward Debras'  (clone)T-A129 'Madame Edward Debras' (clone)Carlton Yerex, 1958. Recorded as (Aurelina Hybrid no. 47-2 x Yellow Trumpet Hybrid) Introduced Edgar Cline catalog. There is a listing for this lily in Edgar Klines "wholesale" catalog from 1964 offering this lily at $2.00 each, or about $15.50 in 2017 dollars.

T-A129
T-A130  'Marble Temple'  (strain)T-A130 'Marble Temple' (strain)John Shaver, 1958. Registured only as “Selections from Temple Hybrids”. Introduced by Greenrock Farms Catalog, 1958. Photo John Shaver, courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-A130
T-A131   'Pearl Temple'  (strain)T-A131 'Pearl Temple' (strain)John Shaver, 1958. Registured only as “Selections from Temple Hybrids”. Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-A131
T-A132  'Sentinal'  (clone)T-A132 'Sentinal' (clone)Jan De Graaff, 1958. Registured as “Selection from white L. leucanthum var. centifolium. Photo B & D Lilies.

T-A132
T-A133   'Sun Temple'  (strain)T-A133 'Sun Temple' (strain)John Shaver, 1958. Listed as “derived from L. leucanthum var. centifolium”. Introduced by Greenrock Farms Catalog, 1958. Photo John Shaver, courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-A133
T-A134   'Shaver Divas'  (seedling mix)T-A134 'Shaver Divas' (seedling mix)John Shaver 1958 Select seedlings from Shaver breeding. Introduced by Edgar Kline. Photo John Shaver, courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-A134
T-A135   'Shaver Vistas'   (seedling mix)T-A135 'Shaver Vistas' (seedling mix)John Shaver 1958. Group of selected seedling introduced by Edgar Kline. Photo John Shaver, courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-A135
T-A136  'Yerex Gold'  (strain)T-A136 'Yerex Gold' (strain)Carlton Yerex, 1958. Golden Trumpet Strain. No breeding records available. Probably a golden seedling mix.

T-A136
T-A140  'Black Magic'  (strain)T-A140 'Black Magic' (strain)Jan De Graaff 1958. Simply recorded as “similar origin to 'Black Dragon'. Mr. Edward McRae in his book 'Lilies' who was at one time head hybridizer at Oregon Bulb Farm recorded that 'Black Magic' was the name first used for the strain that came from seed that was collected from cottage gardens in China. He reported that 'Black Dragon' was selected from seedling from the 'Black Magic' strain and became the clone (M-12) used as the seed parent to continue on with the 'Black Dragon' strain. Photo B & D Lilies.

T-A140
T-A141  'Bright Star'  (clone)T-A141 'Bright Star' (clone)Jan De Graaff 1959. Simply recorded as “Selection from Aurelian Hybrids”. One thing for sure is that 'Bright Star' was heavily influenced by L. henryi in its breeding line. Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-A141
T-A150  'Lady Alice'  (clone)T-A150 'Lady Alice' (clone)Carlton Yerex, 1960. This clone was not registured and its name was later re-used in Holland for a different clone.

T-A150
T-A155  'White Falcon Flares'  (strain)T-A155 'White Falcon Flares' (strain)Selection from Carlton Yerex, late 1950's. Introduced by W. Marx Gardens, 1961. This group was selected for it whiteness. All had some buttery yellow to chartreuse in centers. Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-A155
T-A160  'Avalanche'  (strain)T-A160 'Avalanche' (strain)Raised and Named by Carlton Yerex, 1962. Recorded as being (Selections from Aurelian Hybrids x seedling) Introduced by Edgar Kline 1962. Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-A160
T-A161  'Apricot Flairs'  (strain)T-A161 'Apricot Flairs' (strain)Carlton Yerex, 1962. Unregistered strain. Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-A161
T-A166   'Midnight'  (clone & strain)T-A166 'Midnight' (clone & strain)Jan De Graaff, 1963. Recorded as (Aurelian Hybrids x L. leucanthum var. centifolium) The Clone, OG-30 was selected from the 'Midnight Strain', it is believe that this clonal selection was used as the seed parent for perpetuating the strain with pollen from the deepest colored lilies produced in each generation of the strain put back on “mom”. Main photo shows planting bed of OG-30, first inset shows a single flower from the strain, and the 2nd inset shows a field bed of the clone. Photos, B & D Lilies.

T-A166 'Midnight' (clone & strain)
T-A166$0.01
T-A172  'Autumn Glory Flares'  (strain)T-A172 'Autumn Glory Flares' (strain)Carlton Yerex, 1964. Recorded as (Selections from Aurelian Hybrids. This strain was introduced in 1964 by Walter Marx Gardens. Photo courtesy Bill & Mary Hoffman collection.

T-A172
T-A173   'First Love'  (clone)T-A173 'First Love' (clone)Jan De Graaff, 1964. Recorded as “Complex aurelian hybrids” as with many of the DeGraaff strains, actual parentage is now unknown. Photo B & D Lilies.

T-A173
T-A177  'Purple Majesty'  (clone)T-A177 'Purple Majesty' (clone)Leslie Woodriff, 1965. Selected, named, and propagated by Bowman Creek Farm. Parentage unknown. Photo B & D Lilies.

T-A177
T-A184  'El Greco'  (clone)T-A184 'El Greco' (clone)Charles Kroell, 1973. Selected from a cross of ('White Henryi' x 'Gold Eagle') Introduced 1986 by W. T. Craig and B & D Lilies. Photo B & D Lilies.

T-A184
TR-A190   'Lady Anne'  (clone)TR-A190 'Lady Anne' (clone)Laan Brothers, Holland, 1974. Recorded as a selection from (L. henryi hybrid x L. leucanthum var. centifolium hybrid). Photo B & D Lilies.

T-A190

Wild Lilies
Timely Tips!
Wild Lily bulbs making up the genus Lilium belong to the family Liliaceae comprising of approximately 200 genera made up of approximately 2,000 lily species. There are in the neighborhood of 110 to 120 Lilium species depending on whose classification you reference. For the full article, click Knowledge Base