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'L. superbum' (Lilium species or wild lily)
Found in the eastern U.S. bulbs of Lilium superbum are reported as having being exported to London as early as 1738. Known as the 'American Swamp Lily' superbum enjoys a rich soil that is kept most throughout the year. The Turk's Cap flowers vary in color from golden-orange to nearly solid red. Carried atop stems sometimes reaching 8 feet, when left undisturbed bulbs will often exceed 1/2 pound.
This landscape photo, here at the nursery with our daughter peaking through the stems when a young teenager, has always been a favorite. This stand, exceeding 100 plants, was even studied by graduate students sent from the University of North Carolina, their task, to take samples and identify the one natural Tetraploid in the group found by their professor two years earlier from leaf samples he collected during a visit. Grown from seed collected throughout its entire range, it was felt this one colony had the greatest genetic diversification of any single stand in the world. When this bed was lifted due to overcrowding, some bulbs exceeded 3 pounds in weight.
Photo insert #1 is of the strongest lily in the stand (the tetrapolid), reaching just over 8 feet with over 40 blossoms.
Photo insert #2 is of a cloned selection from this stand named 'Scarlett O' Hara', the propagation bed of which was lost in its first year of scaling to marauding voles looking for nourishment that winter.
Wild Lily bulbs making up the genus Lilium belong to the family Liliaceae comprising of approximately 200 genera made up of approximately 2,000 lily species. There are in the neighborhood of 110 to 120 Lilium species depending on whose classification you reference. For the full article, click Knowledge Base